Thyroid Cancer Treatment in India

Thyroid cancer

develops in the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped organ located at the base of the neck that produces hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism. The most common type of thyroid cancer is papillary thyroid cancer. Here is a guidance about Thyroid Cancer Treatment in India.

Types of Thyroid Cancer include:  
  • Papillary Thyroid Cancer
  • Follicular Thyroid Cancer
  • Medullary Thyroid Cancer
  • Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer
  • Thyroid Lymphoma

India has many top-rated hospitals and cancer centers that offer state-of-the-art facilities and treatments for thyroid cancer. Many of these hospitals have experienced and skilled surgeons and oncologists who specialize in treating thyroid cancer. The cost of thyroid cancer treatment in India is generally lower than in developed countries.

Thyroid Cancer Treatment in India
Symptoms of thyroid cancer may include:
  • A lump or swelling in the neck
  • Hoarseness or change in voice
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • Pain or discomfort in the neck or throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Persistent cough

It’s important to know that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so it’s important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis. Some thyroid cancers may not cause any symptoms and are found incidentally on a diagnostic test for another condition. That’s why regular check-ups and screenings are important to detect any abnormal growths in the thyroid.

Medical Tests Required for Thyroid Cancer Treatment in India

Thyroid cancer is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical and physical such as:

  • Blood tests: Blood tests can be used to check the levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormones in the blood. Abnormal levels can indicate the presence of a thyroid tumor.
  • Ultrasound: An ultrasound uses sound waves to create images of the thyroid gland. It can help detect lumps or nodules in the thyroid and determine if they are solid or filled with fluid.
  • Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB): In this procedure, a thin needle is inserted into a lump or nodule in the thyroid and a small sample of cells is removed. The cells are examined under a microscope to determine if they are cancerous.
  • Thyroid scan: A thyroid scan is a test that uses a small amount of radioactive material to produce images of the thyroid gland.
  • CT scan or MRI: These tests can help determine if cancer has spread to other body parts.

However, it’s important to consult with a qualified medical professional in order to understand the best diagnostic tests available and to discuss the potential risks and benefits of each test.

Treatment Options for Thyroid Cancer Treatment in India

The type of recommended treatment option will depend on the stage and type of thyroid cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health. However, the treatment option may include one of these:

  • Surgical: A doctor removes a cancerous tumor and tissue in the surrounding areas of the thyroid.
  • Total Or Hemi-Thyroidectomy: A doctor removes the thyroid glands lobe with the cancerous nodule.
  • Robotic Thyroidectomy: Robotic surgery that doesn’t leave a visible neck scar. This is used to remove all or part of the thyroid. It is also referred to as Robot Assisted Thyroid Surgery, or Remote Access Thyroid Surgery.
  • Radiation Therapy: It Involves the use of high-energy waves to kill cancer cells.
  • Targeted Therapy: This therapy Targets cancer-specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival.
  • Immunotherapy: Involves the use of medicines that prompt the body’s immune system or natural defenses to destroy cancer
  • RAI (Radioactive Iodine) Therapy: A doctor uses this therapy to destroy the thyroid gland and any other thyroid cancer cells that take up iodine and which cannot be removed by surgery.

Best Hospitals for Thyroid Cancer Treatment in India

Success Rate and Recovery for Thyroid Cancer Treatment

With early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, most people with thyroid cancer have a good prognosis. However, the success rate of thyroid cancer treatment depends on the stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis and the type of thyroid cancer.

It is important to consult with a qualified medical professional in order to understand the best treatment options available and to discuss the potential risks and benefits of each treatment.


Surgery, radiation therapy, and radioactive iodine therapy are the most common treatments for thyroid cancer.
Surgery is typically the first line of treatment for most types of thyroid cancer, as it allows for the removal of the cancerous tissue.
Yes, radiation therapy can be used to treat thyroid cancer, typically after surgery to remove the cancerous tissue.
Radioactive iodine therapy is effective in treating certain types of thyroid cancer, such as papillary and follicular thyroid cancer, as it allows for the targeted destruction of cancerous thyroid cells.
The side effects of thyroid cancer treatment can vary depending on the type of treatment but may include swelling or pain in the neck, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and changes in the voice.

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