Heart Valve Surgery in India

Heart valve surgery is a surgical procedure that is performed to repair or replace damaged or diseased heart valves. The heart has four valves that open and close to allow blood to flow through the heart and into the rest of the body. When these valves do not function properly, it can lead to serious problems, including heart failure.

There are several different types of heart valve surgery, including:

Repair of the existing valve: In this procedure, the surgeon attempts to repair the damaged valve rather than replacing it. This may involve patching a hole in the valve or reshaping the valve to improve its function.

Valve replacement: If the valve is too damaged to be repaired, the surgeon may choose to replace it with a new valve. There are several different types of replacement valves, including mechanical valves and biological valves.

Minimally invasive valve surgery: Some valve surgery can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). In this procedure, the new valve is delivered to the heart through a small incision in the chest or through a blood vessel in the leg.

Symptoms of the disease

The most common symptoms associated with Heart Valve disease include chest pain or palpitations, shortness of breath, difficulty catching your breath, fatigue, weakness, or inability to maintain regular activity level, lightheadedness or fainting and swollen ankles, feet or abdomen. However, these symptoms don’t necessarily determine the seriousness of a person’s valve problems.


Diagnosis and the right doctor

The best cardiac surgeon in India suggests patients undergo certain tests such as;

  • Coronary angiography: This test uses X-ray imaging and a contrast dye to visualize the coronary arteries and assess the severity of any blockages.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): An ECG is a simple, non-invasive test that records the electrical activity of the heart. It can help detect abnormal heart rhythms and identify areas of the heart that are not receiving enough oxygen-rich blood.
  • Stress test: A stress test involves exercising on a treadmill or stationary bike while being monitored with an ECG. The test is used to assess how well the heart functions during physical activity and can help identify blocked arteries.
  • Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram uses sound waves to create a detailed image of the heart. It can help identify problems with the heart’s structure and function, including blocked arteries.
  • Cardiac computed tomography (CT) scan: A CT scan uses X-ray technology to create detailed images of the heart and its blood vessels. It can be used to identify blockages in the coronary arteries.

Treatment Options in India

Heart valve surgery is typically performed by a cardiothoracic surgeon and may involve a team of specialists, including anesthesiologists and perfusionists. The procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia and may take several hours.

The best cardiology hospitals in India recommend patients with a wide range of treatment options such as medications and surgical procedures at affordable pricing. 

The best cardiac surgeons in Delhi treat patients of heart valve disease as per the specific patient’s condition and then they choose surgical procedures such as heart valve repair or replacement, with mechanical or biological valves. Some valve surgery can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

Success Rate and the Recovery

Recovery from heart valve surgery can take several weeks or even months, depending on the extent of the surgery and the patient’s overall health. Most patients will need to stay in the hospital for a few days after the surgery and will need to follow a prescribed course of medications and physical therapy to help with recovery.

Procedure Cost in India

The best cardiology hospitals offer an affordable treatment cost in India, which varies with the respective medical treatments and surgeries, and it also depends on the expertise of the best cardiac surgeon in India, and chosen city for treatments.

However, the cost of Heart Valve Surgery starts from $7500 in India.


Heart valve surgery is a surgical procedure that is used to repair or replace a damaged heart valve. The procedure is done when one of four valves of the heart becomes damaged or diseased. Heart valve surgery can help improve the function of the heart and reduce the risk of complications such as heart attack or stroke.
Heart valve surgery may be recommended for people who have a damaged or diseased heart valve that is causing symptoms or putting them at risk of complications. Candidates for heart valve surgery may have a condition such as aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral stenosis, or mitral regurgitation.
A cornea transplant is typically performed as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia. The surgeon will make an incision in the eye and remove the damaged or diseased tissue. The healthy donor tissue is then carefully placed in the eye and sewn into place using very fine sutures. The procedure usually takes about one to two hours.
The recovery process after heart valve surgery varies from person to person, but most people are able to return to their normal activities within 4-6 weeks. During the initial recovery period, it is important to follow the instructions of the healthcare team and take any prescribed medications as directed. It is also important to make lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet, to reduce the risk of future heart problems.

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