Hemispherectomy Surgery in India: A Ray of Hope for Pediatric Epilepsy

Hemispherectomy surgery has emerged as a crucial intervention in treating seizures, particularly in children suffering from epilepsy. In India, renowned hospitals boast a cadre of epilepsy surgeons who specialize in various hemispheric surgeries. One common type is functional hemispherotomy, primarily designed for children whose seizures originate from one hemisphere, negatively impacting the overall brain function.

Functional Hemispherotomy in Children

Functional hemispherotomy is tailored for cases where seizures are confined to a specific hemisphere, disrupting the overall brain functionality. This surgical procedure involves disconnecting the affected hemisphere from the healthy one, preventing the spread of seizures. In India, expert epilepsy surgeons have successfully employed functional hemispherotomy to treat diverse epilepsy diagnoses in children.

Procedure Overview

The surgery typically lasts for about 4 to 6 hours. During hemispherotomy, the surgeon opens the scalp, removes a section of the skull, and carefully eliminates specific parts of the brain while disconnecting the corpus callosum to halt seizure propagation. After securing the skull piece back in place and stitching the scalp, the child is closely monitored in the intensive care unit (ICU) for at least one night.

Post-Surgery Recovery

In the ICU, the medical team diligently monitors the child’s vital signs, such as blood pressure, pulse, and breathing. After stabilization, the child is transferred to another nursing unit and remains in the hospital for an additional 5 to 7 days. Rehabilitation may follow either during the hospital stay or after discharge to facilitate a speedier recovery.

Potential Challenges

While hemispherectomy offers hope for seizure control, certain challenges may arise. Potential issues include bleeding, infection, visual field loss, some loss of fine motor skills, and weakness on the opposite side of the operation site. The care team conducts thorough assessments before and after surgery to detect any functional changes in the child.

Adaptability and Resilience

Notably, children tend to adapt well to the surgery, particularly when performed at a younger age. The brain’s flexibility enables it to compensate for the loss of one hemisphere, with the healthy half assuming many of the severed half’s functions. The positive outcomes of hemispherectomy underscore the importance of early intervention in pediatric epilepsy cases.


Hemispherectomy surgery, particularly functional hemispherotomy, stands as a beacon of hope for children battling epilepsy in India. With skilled epilepsy surgeons and advanced medical facilities, India has become a destination for families seeking effective treatments for pediatric seizures. The resilience of young brains and the success stories following hemispheric surgeries highlight the transformative impact of these procedures in providing a better quality of life for children with epilepsy.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

In India, various hemispheric surgeries, including functional hemispherotomy, are performed to treat pediatric epilepsy. Expert epilepsy surgeons assess each case individually, determining the most suitable surgical approach based on the specific diagnosis and the hemisphere affected.
Indian hospitals feature highly experienced epilepsy surgeons who specialize in hemispheric surgeries. These surgeons have successfully treated numerous cases, showcasing their expertise in disconnecting and managing hemispheres to control seizures effectively.
After hemispherectomy surgery, international pediatric patients can expect to spend at least one night in the intensive care unit (ICU) for close monitoring. Following stabilization, they will be transferred to another nursing unit for an additional 5 to 7 days. Rehabilitation, if needed, can occur during the hospital stay or post-discharge to aid in a faster recovery.
While hemispherectomy surgery is generally safe, potential risks include bleeding, infection, and specific functional losses. Indian hospitals prioritize patient safety through rigorous pre and post-operative assessments, skilled medical teams, and state-of-the-art facilities to minimize risks and enhance overall patient well-being.
Children often exhibit remarkable adaptability after hemispheric surgery, especially when the procedure is performed at a younger age. The healthy hemisphere compensates for the lost functions. Comprehensive post-operative care, including regular check-ups, rehabilitation services, and support from experienced medical teams, ensures that international pediatric patients receive optimal care during their recovery journey in India.

Top Doctors for this Procedure

Doctors and Surgeons on our panel are renowned and highly experienced.

Need assistance for choosing the best doctor for your medical problem?

    Top Hospitals