Microvascular Decompression Surgery in India

Microvascular Decompression (MVD) is a highly specialized surgical procedure aimed at treating facial pain and spasms resistant to conventional medical therapies. This intricate microsurgical technique involves safeguarding crucial cranial nerves using small Teflon sponges. In specific cases, irritation of these vital nerves is attributed to the compression by small arteries or veins, creating a condition known as neurovascular conflict.

Microvascular Decompression Surgery in India

Conditions Treated with MVD

MVD is primarily employed in the treatment of conditions such as trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. These disorders manifest as severe pain and painful muscle spasms, often caused by pressure on one or more nerves due to neurovascular conflicts.

Who is a Suitable Candidate for MVD?

Individuals may consider MVD if:

  1. They experience trigeminal neuralgia not effectively controlled by medication, with a preference for minimal to no facial numbness.
  2. They suffer from facial pain isolated in the ophthalmic division or all three trigeminal divisions.
  3. Facial pain persists after a previous percutaneous or radiosurgery procedure.

However, it’s essential to note that MVD involves general anesthesia and brain surgery. Therefore, individuals with certain medical conditions or in poor health may not be eligible candidates. Additionally, MVD may not be successful in treating facial pain caused by multiple sclerosis, and individuals with pre-existing hearing loss may not be suitable candidates due to the risk of hearing loss.

Diagnosing Trigeminal Neuralgia

Diagnosing trigeminal neuralgia is primarily based on symptoms and a thorough medical history. Specialized diagnostic tools may include:

  1. Trigeminal neuralgia protocol MRI
  2. Brainlab CT scan
  3. Audiogram (hearing test)
  4. Blood work and possibly an EKG
  5. Baseline brain wave monitoring (utilized during surgery)
  6. Preoperative physical and evaluation
  7. Updated medication list during the preoperative assessment.

Cost of MVD Surgery in India

  1. The average cost of Microvascular Decompression (MVD) in India ranges from USD 5000 to USD 7000, depending on the hospital and surgeon’s experience.
  2. The success rate of MVD in India exceeds 95%.
  3. Hospital stay typically lasts 3-4 days, with an additional 2 weeks of recovery outside the hospital.

Causes of MVD Surgery

The primary cause of trigeminal neuralgia is blood vessels exerting pressure on the trigeminal nerve root. This pressure leads to the transmission of pain signals, resulting in stabbing pains. Other causes may include tumors, multiple sclerosis, physical nerve damage due to injury or surgical procedures, and familial predisposition to abnormal blood vessel formation.

Microvascular Decompression Surgery stands as a specialized solution, offering relief and improved quality of life for those grappling with facial pain disorders. If considering MVD, a thorough assessment by medical professionals is imperative to determine eligibility and the most effective course of action.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

MVD is primarily employed to treat facial pain conditions such as trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. These conditions involve severe pain and muscle spasms caused by pressure on critical nerves due to neurovascular conflicts.
Individuals who experience trigeminal neuralgia not well controlled by medication, facial pain isolated in specific trigeminal divisions, or persistent pain after previous procedures may be suitable candidates. However, eligibility is assessed on a case-by-case basis, considering factors like overall health and medical history.**
Diagnosing trigeminal neuralgia relies on symptoms and a comprehensive assessment. Specialized diagnostic tools, including Trigeminal neuralgia protocol MRI, Brainlab CT scan, hearing tests, and baseline brain wave monitoring during surgery, are utilized to confirm the diagnosis and plan an appropriate treatment strategy.
The average cost of MVD in India ranges from USD 5000 to USD 7000, depending on factors such as the hospital and surgeon's experience. It is important to note that the cost may vary, and additional expenses may be associated with preoperative evaluations and postoperative care.
While MVD is considered a safe and effective procedure, as with any surgery, there are potential risks. These may include infection, bleeding, or adverse reactions to anesthesia. Patients should discuss potential risks and complications with their healthcare provider before deciding on the surgery.

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