Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in India

Coronary artery bypass grafting, or CABG, is a surgical procedure used to treat coronary artery disease. It is performed when the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle, become narrowed or blocked due to the build-up of plaque. 

Symptoms of the disease

The most common symptoms associated with blocked heart arteries include chest pain also known as angina, shortness of breath especially during physical activity, fatigue and heart attack. If a heart artery becomes completely blocked, it can cause a heart attack, which is a medical emergency. Symptoms of a heart attack may include chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, and sweating.

Required Medical Tests and the Right Doctor

The best cardiac surgeon in India suggests patients undergo certain tests such as; 

  • Coronary angiography: This test uses X-ray imaging and a contrast dye to visualize the coronary arteries and assess the severity of any blockages.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): An ECG is a simple, non-invasive test that records the electrical activity of the heart. It can help detect abnormal heart rhythms and identify areas of the heart that are not receiving enough oxygen-rich blood.
  • Stress test: A stress test involves exercising on a treadmill or stationary bike while being monitored with an ECG. The test is used to assess how well the heart functions during physical activity and can help identify blocked arteries.
  • Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram uses sound waves to create a detailed image of the heart. It can help identify problems with the heart’s structure and function, including blocked arteries.
  • Cardiac computed tomography (CT) scan: A CT scan uses X-ray technology to create detailed images of the heart and its blood vessels. It can be used to identify blockages in the coronary arteries.

Treatment Options in India

During the procedure, a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body, such as the chest, leg, or arm, is grafted to bypass the blocked artery and provide an alternate route for oxygen-rich blood to reach the heart muscle. The surgery is typically performed using a heart-lung machine, which temporarily takes over the function of the heart and lungs during the procedure.

The best cardiology hospitals in India recommend patients with a wide range of treatment options such as medications and surgical procedures at affordable pricing. 

The best cardiac surgeons in Delhi treat patients with medications first as per the specific patient’s condition and then they choose surgical procedures such as heart surgery, cardiac catheterization, heart transplant, and fetal cardiac intervention. 

Success Rate of the Procedure and Recovery Period

CABG is typically reserved for patients with severe coronary artery disease who have not responded to other treatments, such as medications or angioplasty. The procedure can help improve symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and fatigue, and may also reduce the risk of heart attack and death. However, like all surgeries, CABG carries risks, including the risk of bleeding, infection, and heart attack. 

Procedure Cost in India

The best cardiology hospitals offer an affordable treatment cost in India, which varies with the respective medical treatments and surgeries, and it also depends on the expertise of the best cardiac surgeon in India, and chosen city for treatments.
However, the cost of CABG starts from $5000 in India.


Coronary artery bypass surgery, also known as CABG or bypass surgery, is a surgical procedure that is used to treat coronary artery disease. During CABG, a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body is used to create a bypass around the blocked coronary artery. This can improve blood flow to the heart and reduce the risk of heart attack.
CABG may be recommended for people who have severe coronary artery disease that cannot be treated with medication or less invasive procedures, such as angioplasty.
As with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications associated with CABG. These may include infection, bleeding, stroke, and damage to the heart or blood vessels. The overall risk of complications is low, but it is important to discuss the potential risks with a healthcare provider before undergoing CABG.
The recovery after CABG varies from person to person, but most people are able to return to their normal activities within 4-6 weeks. It is important to make lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet, to reduce the risk of future heart problems.

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